exmdb_provider — Gromox Information Store


exmdb_provider is a service plugin for http(8gx). It offers a plethora of individual functions (124 of them) for operating on mailbox stores. This functionality is also exposed by way of a Gromox-specific network protocol on port 5000. The aforementioned RPC functions transparently operate over the network and may connect to a remote exmdb. In other words, this plugin contains a process-local function API, a network client, and a network server.

Configuration directives (gromox.cfg)

The following directives are recognized when they appear in /etc/gromox/gromox.cfg.

Log ICS/synchronization requests (and their results) to this file.
Default: (empty)

Configuration directives

The usual config file location is /etc/gromox/exmdb_provider.cfg.


Default: 2 hours

When this directive is set to 1, missing content files will not be regarded as an error and the respective attachment or property is delivered with a replacement string. If set to 2, a replacement string is always delivered; mode 2 is useful for reducing the amount of data downloaded when debugging ICS.
Default: 0
When set to on, inbox rule processing is allowed to create Deferred Action Messages (DAM). Furthermore, the "Deferred Actions" folder will have its contents shown. / Conversely, if this directive is off, no DAMs will be created, and the DAM folder in inboxes is presented as empty to clients (even if it has content from earlier).
Outlook's DAM handling is poor and if you experience a crash with a primary mailbox that is in non-cached/online mode a few seconds after Outlook has opened it, turn this option off for mitigation.
Default: on
When a client requests either PR_BODY, PR_HTML or PR_RTF_COMPRESSED, but that property does not exist on a particular message, automatically synthesize the data on-the-fly from another of the available formats.
Default: on
Compress content files (bodytexts and attachments). Possible values: no, yes (zstd-6), zstd-level (level=1..19).
Default: zstd-6
A space-separated list of individual IPv6 or v4-mapped IPv6 host addresses that are allowed to converse with the exmdb service. No networks and no CIDR notations are permitted. This option deprecates the /etc/gromox/exmdb_acl.txt file used in earlier versions.
Default: ::1
The TCP port number for exposing the timer service on.
Default: 5000
Keep public folder read states per user (1) or keep one state for all users (0).
Default: 1
When set to 0, messages in public stores/folders will always be shown as read and the folder summary will reflect that.
When set to 1, messages will have new/read markings but PR_CONTENT_UNREAD will indicate 0 new messages at all times.
When set to 2, PR_CONTENT_UNREAD indicates the number of new messages for the particular user. (Outlook does not show this number; in Folder Properties, the radiobox is even greyed out.)
Default: 2
Enables soft-delete support for folders in private stores. (This feature is experimental.) Public folders always have this on.
Default: no
This directive controls whether database schemas are automatically upgraded when a mailbox is loaded. During this time, the mailbox is unavailable and operations on it will be delayed. Connection aborts, if any, would be due to timeouts in clients rather than servers. (The procedure takes roughly 36sec per gigabyte of exchange.sqlite3 worth of data, or 36sec per about 110k messages, on a 3700X CPU, single-thread. The file can also temporarily grow to double its size, so ample disk space may be required.)
Default: yes
When initially populating a search folder (static or dynamic), yield the lock on the sqlite database (file descriptor) after so many messages to give other clients a chance to perform an action.
Default: 250
When initially populating a search folder (static or dynamic), yield the lock on the sqlite database (file descriptor) after this much time has passed to give other clients a chance to perform an action.
Default: 2s
Run the search folder population thread with adjusted niceness, which affects process scheduling. This is not an absolute priority as the nice(1) command would use, but a relative one, as per the nice(2) syscall. The allowed range in Gromox is 0 .. 19; negative values are not supported (and not meaningful, because Gromox will usually be running in an unprivileged setting where it is not possible to raise the priority).
Default: 0
Make the search folder population thread not only give up the lock on the sqlite database temporarily, but also invoke pthread_yield(3) after every work block (cf. exmdb_search_pacing).
Default: no
Log every incoming exmdb network RPC and the return code of the operation in a minimal fashion to stderr. Level 1 emits RPCs with a failure return code, level 2 emits all RPCs. Note that direct function calls from within the process image are not logged this way, so this will not show exmdb_provider invocations from exchange_emsmdb(4gx). Note the daemon log level needs to be "debug" (6), too.
Default: 0
An IPv6 address (or v4-mapped address) for exposing the timer service on.
Default: ::1

Default: 20

As a exmdb server, permit at most this many inbound connections for the purpose of sending notifications on these channels. Note that every incoming TCP connection starts as a data connection and only becomes re-classified as "notification" once the LISTEN_NOTIFICATION RPC has been issued by the client.
Default: unlimited (only limited by ulimits)
As a exmdb server, permit at most this many inbound connections for commands.
Default: unlimited (only limited by ulimits)

Default: 1000

The maximum number of messages any one particular message store is allowed to keep. The technical limit is somewhere around 2^47.
Default: 0 (no limit)
For every remote exmdb server in exmdb_list.txt, establish and keep this many number of outbound connections for receiving notification RPCs.
Default: 4

Default: 4

For every remote exmdb server in exmdb_list.txt, establish and keep this many number of outbound connections for sending commands.
Default: 10
If set to 1, every query given to SQLite prepare/execute is logged. If set to 0, only failed queries are logged. (It cannot be made completely silent, since our queries ought to never fail.)
Default: 0

Default: 5000


Default: (unspecified)

Multiserver selection map

The SQL column users.homedir specifies a home directory location in an abstract namespace. This abstract namespace is shared between all Gromox programs, and can be used to divide users into custom subsets and steer connections to different servers.

exmdb_list.txt specifies how to map from this namespace to exmdb servers. The file is used by exmdb clients to select the right server to connect to, and the file is used by exmdb_provider to set up its own data structures.

Each line in this file consists of 4 columns separated by whitespace:

  • Initial prefix to match a user's exmdb home directory on. The pattern should almost always end in a '/' character, otherwise a prefix of "/home" is able to match a userdir of "/home2/username" as well, which may be undesired.

  • The type of mail stores that are served beneath the prefix. This must either be "private" or "public".

  • The IPv6 (or v4-mapped) address of the midb server to use for this prefix.

  • The port number.

In the absence of exmdb_list.txt, two implicit default entries are used:

/var/lib/gromox/user/ private ::1 5000
/var/lib/gromox/domain/ public ::1 5000

Network protocol

The transmissions on the socket are simple concatenations of protocol data units built using the NDR format. The PDU length is present within the PDU itself near the start.

     leuint32_t length;
     char pdu[];
pdu := {
     uint8_t call_id;
     string directory;
     switch (call_id) {


  • config_file_path/exmdb_list.txt: exmdb multiserver selection map.

  • data_file_path/mail_bounce/

config_file_path and data_file_path is determined by the configuration of the program that loaded the exmdb_provider plugin.

See also

gromox(7), http(8gx)